Wednesday, November 25, 2020

09 works, Today, November 25th, is Saint Catherine of Alexandria's day, her story, illustrated #328

Unknown artist
Scenes from the Life of Saint Catherine of Alexandria, ca. 1430-1450
Oil on panel
62.8 × 162 × 5.5 cm (24.7 × 63.7 × 2.1 in)
Walters Art Museum, Baltimore, Maryland, United States

The left-hand panel depicts Saint Catherine's vision of the Madonna and Child: the Christ Child did not find Catherine worthy because she wasn't baptised and refused to look at her. The middle scene illustrates her baptism. The right-hand panel presents her second vision of the Madonna and Child: as a baptised Christian she is now worthy in Christ's eyes and she is joined to him in a mystic marriage. More on this work

Catherine of Alexandria, or Katherine of Alexandria, according to tradition, a Christian saint and virgin, who was martyred in the early 4th century at the hands of the emperor Maxentius. According to her hagiography, she was both a princess and a noted scholar who became a Christian around the age of 14, converted hundreds of people to Christianity and was martyred around the age of 18. More than 1,100 years after Catherine's martyrdom, Joan of Arc identified her as one of the saints who appeared to and counselled her.

Some modern scholars consider that the legend of Catherine was probably based on the life and murder of the Greek philosopher Hypatia, with reversed roles of Christians and pagans.

Artemesia Gentileschi, Rome 1593 - Naples 1652/3
Saint Catherine of Alexandria
Oil on canvas
29 3/4 by 23 3/4 in.; 75.5 by 60.4 cm.
Private collection

This work  represents Saint Catherine of Alexandria, holding the palm of her martyrdom in one hand and her book in the other which she props up on the spiked wheel (an instrument of her martydom).  She looks up in in astonishment overhead, and it is likely that Artemesia is depicting the moment of her vision of the Madonna and Child. More on this work

Artemisia Gentileschi; (July 8, 1593 – c. 1656) was an Italian Baroque painter, today considered one of the most accomplished painters in the generation following that of Caravaggio. In an era when women painters were not easily accepted by the artistic community or patrons, she was the first woman to become a member of the Accademia di Arte del Disegno in Florence.
 
She painted many pictures of strong and suffering women from myth and the Bible – victims, suicides, warriors.
 
Her best-known work is Judith Slaying Holofernes (a well-known medieval and baroque subject in art), which "shows the decapitation of Holofernes, a scene of horrific struggle and blood-letting". That she was a woman painting in the seventeenth century and that she was raped and participated in prosecuting the rapist, long overshadowed her achievements as an artist. For many years she was regarded as a curiosity. Today she is regarded as one of the most progressive and expressionist painters of her generation. More on Artemisia Gentileschi

Catherine was the daughter of Constus, the governor of Alexandria during the reign of the emperor Maximian (286–305). From a young age she devoted herself to study. A vision of the Virgin Mary and the Child Jesus persuaded her to become a Christian. 

Masolino da Panicale
St Catherine Disputing with Scholars, c. 1425-31
Fresco
Castiglione Chapel, San Clemente, Rome

Masolino da Panicale (born 1383, Panicale, near Perugia, Romagna—died probably 1440–47, Florence) was a painter who achieved a compromise between the International Gothic manner and the advanced early Renaissance style of his own day and who owes his prominence in the history of Florentine art not to his innovations but to his lyrical style and his unfailing artistry.

In 1423, Masolino joined the Florentine guild Arte dei Medici e Spezial, which included painters as an independent branch He spent many years traveling, including a trip to Hungary from September 1425 to July 1427. He was selected by Pope Martin V, on the return of the papacy to Rome in 1420, to paint the altarpiece for his family chapel in the Basilica of Santa Maria Maggiore, and later by Cardinal Branda da Castiglione to paint the Saint Catherine Chapel in the Basilica of San Clemente, Rome. In the interim, he collaborated with his younger colleague, Masaccio, to paint the frescoes in the Brancacci Chapel in the Basilica of Santa Maria del Carmine, Florence, which were much admired by fellow artists throughout the fifteenth century. He painted a cycle of 300 famous historical figures in the Orsini Palace in Rome about 1433-4 and also worked in Todi. He spent his later years, after 1435, working for Cardinal Branda Castiglione in Castiglione Olona. More on Masolino da Panicale

When the persecutions began under Maxentius, she went to the emperor and rebuked him for his cruelty. The emperor summoned 50 of the best pagan philosophers and orators to dispute with her, hoping that they would refute her pro-Christian arguments, but Catherine won the debate. Several of her adversaries, conquered by her eloquence, declared themselves Christians and were at once put to death.

Gaudenzio Ferrari (1475–1546)
The Martyrdom of St Catherine of Alexandria, c. first half of 16th century
Oil on panel
Height: 334 cm (10.9 ft); Width: 210 cm (82.6 in)
Pinacoteca di Brera, Milan , Italy

In the scene of the Miracle of the Wheel an angel intervenes to stop the torture of the saint commanded by Maxentius. The emperor looking down at the interrupted martyrdom from a high loggia.

Gaudenzio Ferrari (c. 1471 – January 11, 1546) was a Northern Italian painter and sculptor of the Renaissance.

Gaudenzio was born to Franchino Ferrari at Valduggia in the Valsesia in the Duchy of Milan. He is said to have first learned the art of painting at Vercelli from Gerolamo Giovenone. He subsequently studied in Milan, in the school of the Cathedral. In 1504 he proceeded to Florence. It was once thought that he later moved to Rome. He died in Milan. More on Gaudenzio Ferrari

 Pseudo-Jacopino di Francesco
St. Catherine of Alexandria Freed from the Wheel, circa 1325–1330
 Tempera and gold leaf on panel
25 x 32 1/4 in. (63.5 x 81.9 cm)
North Carolina Museum of Art Foundation

Pseudo-Jacopino di Francesco was an Italian painter or group of painters. Jacopino di Francesco Bavosi was a well-documented artist active 1360-83 whose work has not been satisfactorily identified. In 1365 Jacopino and his son Pietro, who was also a painter (active 1365-1383), were employed as junior partners of Andrea de' Bartoli on frescoes for the Visconti Palace at Pavia.

The first work of the principal artist of the earlier works of this group is a small Crucifixion (Musée du Petit Palais, Avignon), in which strong Riminese influence is evident in the incised diapered gold background, close-set, vertical drapery folds and the olive greens and pinks. The lively gestures and distinctive dress of the protagonists are typical of the works produced c. 1320-40 . More on Pseudo-Jacopino di Francesco

Catherine was then scourged and imprisoned. She was scourged so cruelly and for so long that her whole body was covered with wounds, from which the blood flowed in streams. The spectators wept with pity, but Catherine stood with her eyes raised to heaven, without giving a sign of suffering or fear. Maxentius ordered her to be imprisoned without food, so she would starve to death. 

Paolo Veronese, (1528–1588)
Saint Catherine of Alexandria in Prison, between 1580 and 1585
Oil on canvas
45 3/4 x 33 in. (116.2 x 83.8 cm)
Metropolitan Museum of Art

Bonifacio Veronese, birth name: Bonifacio de' Pitati (1487 – 19 October 1553) was an Italian Renaissance painter who was active in Venice. His work had an important influence on the younger generation of painters in Venice.

The artist was born in Verona from which his family moved to Venice around 1505. Here the young artist reputedly trained under Palma il Vecchio. He was initially a close follower of il Vecchio. He ran a large workshop in Venice, which could execute small devotional works as well as large painting projects. His early work also shows his knowledge of Giorgione and Titian

He created a large series of narrative paintings for the Palazzo dei Camerlenghi. It tool 20 years to complete the project.

His style was influenced by that of Giorgione and Titian. From the 1530s the artist introduced some figurative elements of central Italian origin derived mainly from Raphael. During those years he made a fortune in Venice. Many cassoni and furniture decorations are attributed to him. More Bonifacio Veronese

During the confinement, angels tended her wounds with salve. Catherine was fed daily by a dove from Heaven and Christ also visited her, encouraging her to fight bravely, and promised her the crown of everlasting glory.

During her imprisonment more than 200 people came to see her, including Maxentius' wife, Valeria Maximilla; all converted to Christianity and were subsequently martyred. Twelve days later, when the dungeon was opened, a bright light and fragrant perfume filled it and Catherine came forth even more radiant and beautiful.

Italian (Florentine) School
The Martyrdom of Saint Catherine, c.1510
Oil on poplar panel
H 25.5 x W 51.2 cm
Victoria and Albert Museum

Florentine School was a major Italian school of art that flourished between the 13th and 16th centuries, extending from the Early Renaissance to the crisis of Renaissance culture.

The founder of the Florentine school was Giotto, whose work placed Florence in the foreground of pre-Renaissance art. The work of his successors, who included Taddeo Gaddi and Maso di Banco, developed along the lines he had originated. However, toward the middle of the 14th century conciseness and clarity of form (as seen in the work of A. di Bonaiuti) disappeared, and a tendency toward linear and flat form became prevalent (Nardo di Cione and, occasionally, Orcagna). In the last 30 years of the 14th century a trend toward the international Gothic style prevailed (Agnolo Gaddi and Lorenzo Monaco). More on Florentine School

Flemish (Antwerp) School
The Mystic Marriage of Saint Catherine of Alexandria, early 16th C
Oil on wood panel
H 62.2 x W 46.1 cm
Brighton and Hove Museums and Art Galleries

The 'mystic marriage' of Saint Catherine – a popular subject in the later Middle Ages and Renaissance where the infant Jesus places a ring on Catherine's finger, symbolising her divine 'marriage' to him. This is why some portrayals of Catherine feature a ring and/or veil.

The Antwerp School is a term for the artists active in Antwerp, first during the 16th century when the city was the economic center of the Low Countries, and then during the 17th century when it became the artistic stronghold of the Flemish Baroque under Peter Paul Rubens.

Antwerp took over from Bruges as the main trading and commercial center of the Low Countries around 1500. Painters, artists and craftsmen joined the Guild of Saint Luke, which educated apprentices and guaranteed quality.  More Ecole Anversoise

Upon the failure of Maxentius to make Catherine yield by way of torture, he tried to win the beautiful and wise princess over by proposing marriage. Catherine refused, declaring that her spouse was Jesus Christ, to whom she had consecrated her virginity.

Jan Provoost, (1462–1525/1529)
The Martyrdom of St Catherine, c. first half of 16th century
Oil on panel
Height: 94 cm (37 in); Width: 68 cm (26.7 in)
Royal Museum of Fine Arts, Antwerp

Jan Provoost, or Jean Provost, or Jan Provost (1462/65 – January 1529) was a Belgian painter born in Mons.

Provost was a prolific master who left his early workshop in Valenciennes to run two workshops, one in Bruges, where he was made a burgher in 1494, the other simultaneously in Antwerp, which was the economic centre of the Low Countries. Provost was also a cartographer, engineer, and architect. He met Albrecht Dürer in Antwerp in 1520, and a Dürer portrait drawing at the National Gallery, London, is conjectured to be of Provost. He married the widow of the miniaturist and painter Simon Marmion, after whose death he inherited the considerable Marmion estate. He died in Bruges, in January 1529.

The styles of Gerard David and Hans Memling can be detected in Provoost's religious paintings. The Last Judgement painted for the Bruges town hall in 1525 is the only painting for which documentary evidence identifies Provost. Surprising discoveries can still be made: in 1971 an unknown and anonymous panoramic Crucifixion from the village church at Koolkerke was identified as Provost's. It is on permanent loan to the Groeningemuseum, Bruges, which has several works of Provost. A retrospective exhibition took place in 2008–2009. More on Jan Provoost

The furious emperor condemned Catherine to death on a spiked breaking wheel, but, at her touch, it shattered. Maxentius ordered her to be beheaded. Catherine herself ordered the execution to commence. A milk-like substance rather than blood flowed from her neck. More on Saint Catherine




Please visit my other blogs: Art CollectorMythologyMarine ArtPortrait of a Lady, The OrientalistArt of the Nude and The Canals of VeniceMiddle East Artistsand 365 Saints, also visit my Boards on Pinterest

Images are copyright of their respective owners, assignees or others. Some Images may be subject to copyright

I don't own any of these images - credit is always given when due unless it is unknown to me. if I post your images without your permission, please tell me.

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Tuesday, November 24, 2020

08 works, Today, November 24th, is Saint Mercurius is also known as Abu-Seifein's (أبو سيفين) day, her story, illustrated #327

Manuel Panselinos
Saint Mercurius, also known as Abu-Seifein's (أبو سيفين), between 1290 and 1310
Fresco
I have no further description, at this time

Manuel Panselinos or Panselenos was a Byzantine painter, from Saloniki,  of the late thirteenth and early fourteenth century, one of the most important late Byzantine artists , and one of the main creators of the religious iconography of Eastern Christianity . It is considered the summit of the Macedonian school , sometimes called the school of Panselinos (1290-1320). 

The first mention of his name is in an 18th-century manual of painters by Dionysius of Fourna, who does not provide his dates or mention specific works. It is unclear to this day whether there was actually a painter by this name, since contemporary sources do not mention him. More on Manuel Panselinos or Panselenos

Mercurius (d. AD 250) was a Christian saint and a martyr. He was born in the city of Eskentos in Cappadocia, Turkey.

Cappadocia, Turkey

His parents were converts to Christianity and they called him "Philopater". They reared him in a Christian manner. When he was17 he enlisted in the Roman army during the days of Emperor Decius, the pagan. He gained a great reputation among his superiors as a swordsman and a tactician in many battles. 

Emperor Decius (249-251)

They called him Mercurius and he grew very close to the Emperor. Saint Mercurius is also known by the name Abu-Seifein (أبو سيفين), which in Arabic means "the holder of two swords," referring to a second sword given to him, by the Archangel Michael. He was given this name by The Berbers who fought against him.

Eugène Delacroix
Fantasia or Game of Powder, c. 1832
Watercolor
Louvre Museum 

Ferdinand Victor Eugène Delacroix (26 April 1798 – 13 August 1863) was a French Romantic artist regarded from the outset of his career as the leader of the French Romantic school.
 
As a painter and muralist, Delacroix's use of expressive brushstrokes and his study of the optical effects of colour profoundly shaped the work of the Impressionists, while his passion for the exotic inspired the artists of the Symbolist movement. A fine lithographer, Delacroix illustrated various works of William Shakespeare, the Scottish author Walter Scott and the German author Johann Wolfgang von Goethe.
 
Delacroix took for his inspiration the art of Rubens and painters of the Venetian Renaissance, with an attendant emphasis on colour and movement rather than clarity of outline and carefully modelled form. Dramatic and romantic content characterized the central themes of his maturity, and led him not to the classical models of Greek and Roman art, but to travel in North Africa, in search of the exotic. Friend and spiritual heir to Théodore Géricault, Delacroix was also inspired by Lord Byron, with whom he shared a strong identification with the "forces of the sublime", of nature in often violent action.
 
However, Delacroix was given to neither sentimentality nor bombast, and his Romanticism was that of an individualist. In the words of Baudelaire, "Delacroix was passionately in love with passion, but coldly determined to express passion as clearly as possible." More on Ferdinand Victor Eugène Delacroix


Philopater was the son of Yares, a Scythian officer in the Roman army. One day, while Yares was hunting in the forest with his father, the two were attacked by an animal. The animal jumped on Yares' father, causing Yares to faint. While Yares was unconscious, he had a vision with a brilliant light and a voice saying:

Yares, I am your God who loves you. I know that you have a good heart and that you hate the pagan idols. I want to inform you that your son, Philopatyr, will become like a tree bearing good fruits, and because of him, I will bless you and your wife. Philopatyr will be my witness and will defy all prejudice in my name.

Yares, his wife, and his son were baptized shortly after. News of their baptism spread quickly in the city and the prince ordered them to be arrested and thrown to wild animals. However, the animals did not harm them and the prince decided to release them.

When the Berbers attacked, Yares went to fight them. He was taken prisoner and was brought to their country where he was kept for seventeen months. When the war finally ended, he went back to his city and joined his family, but died shortly after.

Unknown artist
Yuhanna al-Armani, Saint Mercury, c. 1778
Church of the Virgin Mary al-Mo'allaqah, Cairo

After the death of Yares, the pagan Roman Emperor Decius (ruled 249-251) chose Mercurius to replace his father. Described as very strong and courageous, Mercurius earned the respect of his fellow soldiers and gained renown as a swordsman. When the Berbers attacked Rome, Decius went out to fight them but became afraid when he saw how many there were. 

Unknown artist
Archangel Michael appeared to Mercurius
Icon
Patina, canvas, gesso, wax
32*28 cm
I have no further description, at this time

After several days of fighting, the Archangel Michael appeared to Mercurius holding a shining sword. The saint took the sword from the archangel, hence the name Abu-Seifein - "the holder of two swords": a military sword and a divine sword. He conquered the Berbers. When Decius heard news of the triumphant victory, he named Mercurius as a prince.

Nonetheless, in 249, Decius began his persecution of Christians, compelling everyone to offer sacrifices to his pagan gods. The Archangel Michael appeared to Mercurius and told him to remember God and not be fearful of persecution. The saint was encouraged and spent the whole night praying fervently, confessing his weakness to God.

The Emperor sent messengers to summon Mercurius to the palace, saying: "Dear Mercurius, let us go offer incense to the gods who helped us attain victory in the war." As they were leaving, Mercurius slipped through the crowd and went away. However, one of the guards reported his absence, and the Emperor called Mercurius and asked him: "Is it true that you refused to worship the idols who helped us during the war?" Mercurius declared himself a Christian, saying, "I do not worship anyone except my Lord and my God, Jesus Christ."

Pierre Puvis De Chavannes, c. 1869
Mercurius was beheaded on 4 December 250 AD
The beheading of St. John the Baptist
Oil on canvas
 240 x 316 cm 
National Gallery, Greece

Pierre Puvis de Chavannes (14 December 1824 – 24 October 1898) was a French painter best known for his mural painting, who came to be known as 'the painter for France'. He became the co-founder and president of the Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts, and his work influenced many other artists, notably Robert Genin. Puvis de Chavannes was a prominent painter in the early Third Republic. Émile Zola described his work as "an art made of reason, passion, and will". More on Pierre Puvis de Chavannes 

The Emperor tried to persuade him to give up his faith but failed. He then ordered Mercurius to be stripped of his rank and tortured. Fearing a revolt because the people loved Mercurius, the emperor had him bound in iron fetters and sent him to Caesarea. Mercurius was beheaded on 4 December 250 AD. He was only 25 years old. 

 Unknown artist
Saint Mercury of Caesarea kills the emperor Julian , c. 18th century
Oil on canvas
cm 126x101
Church of the Santissimo Salvatore, Campobasso, Italy

Unknown artist
Julian was killed by a javelin flung by an unknown hand
I have no further description, at this time

Taken from Volume II of Jameson’s Sacred and Legendary Art. Containing the Patron Saints, the Martyrs, the Early Bishops, the Hermits, and the Warrior Saints of Christendom, as represented in the Fine Arts. Riverside Press, 1896. More on this work

According to one tradition, Saint Basil once prayed before an icon on which Mercurius was portrayed as a soldier carrying a spear. He asked God not to permit the emperor Julian the Apostate (361-363) to return from his war against the Persians and resume his oppression of Christians. The image of the holy Great Martyr Mercurius depicted on the icon became invisible, only to reappear later with a bloodied spear. Julian the Apostate, on his Persian campaign, was mortally wounded by the spear of an unknown soldier. More on Saint Mercurius




Please visit my other blogs: Art CollectorMythologyMarine ArtPortrait of a Lady, The OrientalistArt of the Nude and The Canals of VeniceMiddle East Artistsand 365 Saints, also visit my Boards on Pinterest

Images are copyright of their respective owners, assignees or others. Some Images may be subject to copyright

I don't own any of these images - credit is always given when due unless it is unknown to me. if I post your images without your permission, please tell me.

I do not sell art, art prints, framed posters or reproductions. Ads are shown only to compensate the hosting expenses.

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Monday, November 23, 2020

05 works, Today, November 23rd, is Felicitas of Rome's day, her story, illustrated #326

Neri di Bicci, (1419–1491) 
Enthroned Saint Felicita and her seven children, c. 1464
Santa Felicita Church, Florence

Neri di Bicci (1419–1491) was an Italian painter active mainly in Florence. A prolific painter of mainly religious themes. He studied under his father, Bicci di Lorenzo, who in turn had studied under his father, Lorenzo di Bicci. All three were part of a lineage of great painters beginning with Neri's grandfather Lorenzo who was a pupil of Spinello Aretino.

Neri di Bicci's main works include a St. John Gualbert Enthroned, with Ten Saints for the church of Santa Trinita, an Annunciation (1464) in the Florentine Academy, two altarpieces in the Diocesan Museum of San Miniato, a Madonna with Child Enthroned in the Pinacoteca Nazionale of Siena, and a Coronation of the Virgin (1472) in the abbey church at San Pietro a Ruoti (Bucine).

The Ricordanze are a series of journals Neri kept from the years 1453–1475. They include the rates of remuneration for his work, his pupils, and lists of their works. They are the most extensive 15th century document we have relating to a 15th-century painter and are still preserved in the library of the Uffizi Gallery. More on Neri di Bicci

Felicitas of Rome (c. 101 – 165), also anglicized as Felicity, is a saint numbered among the Christian martyrs. 

 Jeanne and Richard de Montbaston
The Seven Brothers (seven sons of Felicitas of Rome), c. 14th century
Vies de saints, France, Paris, XIVe siècle

Richard Montbaston was a copyist in Paris in the late 14th  century. From his workshop came out in particular the Roman of the rose , illuminated by his wife, Jeanne.

Having sworn in the booksellers' oath in 1338, Richard de Montbaston is mentioned as a "bookseller" in the colophon in the Life of the Saints . On the other hand, his wife, Jeanne, took the oath of the booksellers in 1353 as illuminatrix and libraria , which gave rise to speculations according to which if Richard had the title of copyist and was indeed the owner of the workshop, he it would be impossible to attribute to him the illuminations of his manuscripts and that they should be due to his wife, Jeanne, although her work is not documented in any surviving manuscript. More on Richard Montbaston

Saint Felicitas is said to have been a rich and pious Christian widow who had seven sons. She devoted herself to charitable work and converted many to the Christian faith by her example. This aroused the wrath of pagan priests who lodged a complaint against her with Emperor Marcus Aurelius. These priests asserted the ire of the gods and demanded sacrifice from Felicitas and her children. The Emperor acquiesced to their demand and Felicitas was brought before Publius, the Prefect of Rome. Taking Felicitas aside, he used various pleas and threats in an unsuccessful attempt to get her to worship the pagan gods. He was equally unsuccessful with her seven sons who followed their mother's example.

Francesco Trevisani
The Martyrdom of the Seven Sons of Saint Felicity, c. 1709
Oil on canvas
h 75cm × w 62.6cm
Rijksstudio, Amsterdam

The most prominent cardinal in Rome ordered this painting as a gift for a French minister and his wife, whose name, Catherine Félicité, inspired the choice of subject. The Christian martyr Saint Felicity – here in a yellow gown – was forced to witness the martyrdom of her seven sons before herself being beheaded. Trevisani included two self-portraits: as the standing man at left, and as the man looking out at us from behind the statue at right. More on this painting

Francesco Trevisani (April 9, 1656 – July 30, 1746) was an Italian painter, active in the early Rococo or late Baroque period.

Born in Capodistria, he was the son of an architect, by whom he was instructed in the first rudiments of design. He then studied in Venice. He moved to Rome, where he remained until his death, in 1746. His brother, Angelo Trevisani remained a prominent painter in Venice.

In Rome, he was supported by Cardinal Pietro Ottoboni. He was also favored with the patronage of Cardinal Chigi. Chigi employed him in several considerable works, and recommended him to the protection of Pope Clement XI, who not only commissioned him to paint one of the prophets in San Giovanni Laterano, but engaged him to decorate the cupola of the cathedral in Urbino. He was employed by the Duke of Modena, in copying the works of Correggio and Parmigianino, and also painted in Brunswick, Madrid, Munich, Stockholm, and Vienna.

He became a member of the Academy of Arcadia in 1712. Trevisani died in Rome in 1746. More on Francesco Trevisani

Before the Prefect Publius they adhered firmly to their religion, and were delivered over to four judges, who condemned them to various modes of death. The division of the martyrs among four judges corresponds to the four places of their burial. She implored God only that she not to be killed before her sons, so that she might be able to encourage them during their torture and death in order that they would not deny Christ. 

Antonio Ciseri, (1821–1891)
The murder of a courageous woman and her seven sons
The Martyrdom of the Seven Maccabees, c. 1863
Oil on canvas
Height: 450 cm (14.7 ft); Width: 260 cm (102.3 in)
Florence

Antonio Ciseri (25 October 1821 – 8 March 1891) was a Swiss-Italian painter of religious subjects.

He was born in Ronco sopra Ascona, Switzerland. He went to Florence in 1833 to study drawing with Ernesto Bonaiuti. Within a year, by 1834 he was a pupil of Niccola and Pietro Benvenuti at the Accademia di Belle Arti in Florence; he was later taught by Giuseppe Bezzuoli, who greatly influenced the early part of his career. In 1849, he began offering instruction to young painters, and eventually ran a private art school. Among his earliest students was Silvestro Lega.

Ciseri's religious paintings are Raphaelesque in their compositional outlines and their polished surfaces, but are nearly photographic in effect. He fulfilled many important commissions from churches in Italy and Switzerland. Ciseri also painted a significant number of portraits. He died in Florence on 8 March 1891. Among his other pupils were the painters Oreste Costa, Giuseppe Guzzardi, Alcide Segoni, Andrea Landini, Raffaello Sorbi, Niccolò Cannicci, Emanuele Trionfi, Girolamo Nerli, and Egisto Sarri. More on Antonio Ciseri

With joy, she accompanied her sons one by one until she had witnessed the death of all seven. It is said that Januarius, the eldest, was scourged to death; Felix and Philip were beaten with clubs until they expired; Silvanus was thrown headlong down a precipice; and the three youngest, Alexander, Vitalis and Martialis were beheaded. After each execution she was given the chance to denounce her faith. She refused to act against her conscience.

Paris Nogari, (c.1536-1601)
Martyrdom of St Felicity and her Seven Sons
Fresco
Church of Santa Susanna, Rome

Paris Nogari, (c.1536-1601), was a painter of the "Po-Venetian culture" of the Renaissance period; he was mainly active in Rome. A pupil of Cesare Nebbia, Paris Nogari painted the Crucifixion in Santo Spirito in Sassia in the Vatican Library in the manner of Raffaellino da Reggio, and was among the painters who frescoed the church of Chiesa di Santa Susanna at the Baths of Diocletian in Rome. More on Paris Nogari

After four months, on November 23, 165, Felicity was beheaded. She was buried in Maximus Cemetery, Via Salaria. Her relics are in the Capuchin Church at Montefiascone, Tuscany and Santa Susana in Rome. More on Felicitas




Please visit my other blogs: Art CollectorMythologyMarine ArtPortrait of a Lady, The OrientalistArt of the Nude and The Canals of VeniceMiddle East Artistsand 365 Saints, also visit my Boards on Pinterest

Images are copyright of their respective owners, assignees or others. Some Images may be subject to copyright

I don't own any of these images - credit is always given when due unless it is unknown to me. if I post your images without your permission, please tell me.

I do not sell art, art prints, framed posters or reproductions. Ads are shown only to compensate the hosting expenses.

If you enjoyed this post, please share with friends and family.

Thank you for visiting my blog and also for liking its posts and pages.

Please note that the content of this post primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online.


Sunday, November 22, 2020

07 works, Today, November 22nd, is Philemon, Apphia and Onesimus' day, their story, illustrated #325

Unknown artist
Apostle Archippus
I have no further description, at this time

The Holy Apostles of the Seventy Philemon and his wife Apphia lived in the city of Colossa, a city of Phrygia in Asia Minor, was a man both wealthy and noble. After they were baptized by the holy Apostle Paul, they converted their house into a house of prayer, where all those who believed in Christ gathered and attended services. They devoted themselves to serving the sick and downcast.

Unknown artist
Saints Philemon, Apphia and Onesimus
I have no further description, at this time

Saint Philemon became bishop of the city of Gaza, and he preached the Word of God throughout Phrygia. 

Eustache Le Sueur, (1616–1655)
The Preaching of St Paul at Ephesus, c. 1649
Oil on canvas
Height: 394 cm (12.9 ft); Width: 328 cm (10.7 ft) 
Louvre Museum, Paris

Eustache Le Sueur, Le Sueur also spelled Lesueur, (baptized Nov. 19, 1617, Paris, France—died April 30, 1655, Paris), painter known for his religious pictures in the style of the French classical Baroque. Le Sueur was one of the founders and first professors of the Royal Academy of Painting and Sculpture.

Le Sueur studied under the painter Simon Vouet and was admitted at an early age into the guild of master painters. Some paintings reproduced in tapestry brought him notice, and his reputation was further enhanced by a series of decorations for the Hôtel Lambert that he left uncompleted. He painted many pictures for churches and convents, among the most important being The Sermon of Saint Paul at Ephesus, and his famous series of 22 paintings of the Life of St. Bruno, executed in the cloister of the Chartreux. More on Eustache Le Sueur

The holy Apostle Paul continued to be his guide, and addressed to him his Epistle filled with love, and in which he sends blessings “to Philemon our dearly beloved, and fellow laborer, and to our beloved Apphia, and to Archippus our fellow soldier, and to the church in thy house”.

Unknown artist
Paul sent Onesimus on his way with a letter addressed to Philemon
I have no further description, at this time

Unknown artist
Philemon receiving Onesimus
I have no further description, at this time

Onesimus was a pagan slave of Philemon, who stole from his master and fled to Rome. There St Paul led him to faith in Christ, and wrote the Epistle to Philemon, urging Onesimus' master to forgive him and take him back as a brother in Christ. This Philemon did, and Onesimus later became a bishop. In Greece he is venerated as the patron Saint of the imprisoned. 

Saints Philemon and Apphia, and also Saint Archippus all received the crown of martyrdom during the persecution of Nero (54-68). During a pagan festival an enraged crowd rushed into the Christian church when services were going on. 

Unknown artist
Apfia suffered martyrdom during the anti-Christian persecutions initiated by Emperor Nero 
I have no further description, at this time

Unknown artist
The crowd beat and stabbed Saint Archippus with knives
I have no further description, at this time

All fled in terror, and only Saints Philemon, Archippus and Apphia remained. They seized them and led them off to the city prefect. The crowd beat and stabbed Saint Archippus with knives, and he died on the way to the court. Philemon and Apphia were buried in the ground up to the waist and beaten with stones until the holy martyrs died. More on Philemon, Apphia and Onesimus




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04 works, Today, November 21st, is The Entry of the Virgin Mary's presentation into the Temple, her story illustrated #324

Manuel Panselinos, Karyes
Detail; Entrance into the temple of the Most Holy Theotokos, c. 13th century
Fresco
Mt. Athos

The Presentation of the Blessed Virgin Mary, known in the East as The Entry of the Most Holy Theotokos into the Temple, is a liturgical feast celebrated by the Catholic, Orthodox Churches, and some Anglo-Catholic Churches.

Unknown artist
Righteous Joachim and Anna, parents of the Mother of God
I have no further description, at this time

Mary's parents, Joachim and Anne, who had been childless, received a heavenly message that they would have a child. In thanksgiving for the gift of their daughter, they brought her, when still at around the age of three, to the Temple in Jerusalem to consecrate her to God. Tradition held that she was to remain there to be educated in preparation for her role as Mother of God.

Unknown artist
St Anna and Virgin Mary
Icon Byzantine Orthodox Icon
Egg tempera on solid lime wood
Height: 4.33 Inches; Width: 4.33 Inches

The story relates that in thanksgiving for the birth of their daughter Mary, Joachim and Anne decide to consecrate her to God, and bring her, at the age of three years, to the temple in Jerusalem. 

Manuel Panselinos, Karyes
Entrance into the temple of the Most Holy Theotokos, c. 13th century
Fresco
Mt. Athos

Manuel Panselinos or Panselenos was a Byzantine painter, from Saloniki,  of the late thirteenth and early fourteenth century, one of the most important late Byzantine artists , and one of the main creators of the religious iconography of Eastern Christianity . It is considered the summit of the Macedonian school , sometimes called the school of Panselinos (1290-1320). 

The first mention of his name is in an 18th-century manual of painters by Dionysius of Fourna, who does not provide his dates or mention specific works. It is unclear to this day whether there was actually a painter by this name, since contemporary sources do not mention him. More on Manuel Panselinos or Panselenos

Mary remained in the Temple until her twelfth year, at which point she was assigned to Joseph as guardian. According to Coptic tradition, her father Joachim died when Mary was six years old and her mother when Mary was eight. More on the Virgin Mary's presentation into the Temple

Unknown artist,  Ochrid, North Macedonia
Entrance into the temple of the Most Holy Theotokos, c. 14th century
I have no further description, at this time




Please visit my other blogs: Art CollectorMythologyMarine ArtPortrait of a Lady, The OrientalistArt of the Nude and The Canals of VeniceMiddle East Artistsand 365 Saints, also visit my Boards on Pinterest

Images are copyright of their respective owners, assignees or others. Some Images may be subject to copyright

I don't own any of these images - credit is always given when due unless it is unknown to me. if I post your images without your permission, please tell me.

I do not sell art, art prints, framed posters or reproductions. Ads are shown only to compensate the hosting expenses.

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