Friday, August 21, 2020

08 works, Today, August 21st, is the Forefathers Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob's day, his story illustrated #233

Abel Pann
Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob
pastel on paper
25 3/4 by 34 in. 65 by 86.5 cm
Private collection

Abel Pann 1883-1963 Over many years, Abel Pann (1883-1963) was regarded as the foremost Land Of Israel Painter. This view was shared by the Jewish community throughout the world and by the general public in pre-State Israel where reproductions of his works were hung in almost every home”. This is how Yigal Zalmone, Chief Art Curator of the Israel Museum, describes Abel Pann. Abel Pann was born in 1883 in the town of Kreslawka in the Vetebsk region of White Russia. His father Nahum was a rabbi and head of a yeshivah, a religious academy. Pann received a Jewish elementary school education until he was twelve. He studied the fundamentals of drawing for three months with the painter Yehuda Pen of Vetebsk, who also taught Marc Chagall and Ossip Zadkine. When he was twelve he traveled between Russian and Poland, earning money as an apprentice in sign workshops. In 1898 he went south to Odessa, where he was accepted by the Academy of Fine Arts. In 1903 Pann moved to Paris, where his work included depictions of Jewish daily life, Parisian genre paintings, as well as sketches and caricatures that were humorous and psychological criticisms regarding society. His empathy for the poor and wretched became well known. In 1912, the director of the Bezalel School of Art and Crafts in Jerusalem asked Abel Pann to teach at the school which he accepted a year later. During the first year of World War I, Pann was restricted to leave Europe after he returned to recover belongings to take back to Jerusalem. During the first years of the war, he concentrated on popular, nationalist posters and illustrations, including depictions of the cruelty of the German enemy. In 1920 he returned to Jerusalem and resumed teaching at the Bezalel School, and formed the Palestine Art Publishing Company with which he used to print his albums of Bible illustrations. Abel Pann devoted much of his energy to these illustrations. An interesting approach that Pann used in these illustrations was to depict the Biblical subjects using contemporary clothing and imagery. Using contemporary Middle Eastern characters in Oriental dress within local settings. More on Abel Pann

Abraham is known as the patriarch of the Israelite people through Isaac, the son born to him and Sarah in their old age and the patriarch of Arabs through his son Ishmael, born to Abraham and Hagar-his wife Sarah’s Egyptian slave-girl.

József Molnár, (1821–1899)
The Departure of Abraham, c. 1850
Oil on canvas
Height: 112 cm (44 in); Width: 130 cm (51.1 in)
Hungarian National Gallery

József Molnár (21 March 1821 in Zsámbok - 6 March 1899 in Budapest) was a Hungarian painter. Molnár was born in Zsámbok. He studied in Venice, Rome and Munich. After his studies, he settled down in Stuttgart where he lived mostly on portrait painting. In 1853 he returned to Hungary and was engaged in painting landscapes and historic paintings in Pest. The picture, "The Self-Sacrifice of Knight Dezső" with its romantic sweep is a milestone in the development of Hungarian historic painting. On of his best works is "Shipwrecked" inspired by Géricault, a French painter. After "The Recapture of Buda Castle", he painted mostly landscapes and genre pictures. He painted a lot of pictures of High Tatra. The delicate colours and pleasant details make him a distinguished representative of landscape painting before Géza Mészöly. His style combined elements of biedermeier and romantic painting. Molnár died in Budapest. More on József Molnár

Although Abraham's forefathers were from southern Mesopotamia, in present-day Iraq, according to the biblical narrative, Yahweh led Abraham on a journey to the land of Canaan, which he promised to his children.

Abram and Sarah prospered materially but had no children. Abram thought to leave his estate to a trusted servant, but God promised him a son and heir. 

Matthias Stom, (fl. 1615–1649)
Sarah Leading Hagar to Abraham, between 1637 and 1639
Oil on canvas
Height: 113 cm (44.4 in); Width: 168 cm (66.1 in)
Gemäldegalerie, Berlin, Germany

Matthias Stom or Matthias Stomer (c. 1600 – after 1652) was a Dutch golden age painter considered one of the masters of Utrecht Caravaggism. Stom spent most of his artistic life in Italy, and 200 of his works have been preserved. It is conjectured that Stom was born at Amersfoort or in the Utrecht area, but many details of his life are vague. An early mention of Stom was around 1630, when he lived in the same location as Paulus Bor had lived a few years earlier. He was a pupil of Gerard van Honthorst in Rome after 1615.

He remained in Rome until 1632, after which he traveled to Naples, where he stayed until 1640. He then moved to Palermo, and delivered paintings for churches in Caccamo and Monreale. He sold three paintings to Antonio Ruffo, duke of Messina. It is speculated that he died in Sicily, or alternatively in Northern Italy, where in 1652 he painted an altar piece for the church in Chiuduno. More on Matthias Stom

When he was 86 years old, Sarah suggested and Abram agreed that a practical way to have a child was through Sarah’s servant Hagar. Hagar conceived right away and in time Ishmael was born. 

Benjamin West, (1738–1820)
Hagar and Ishmael, c. 1776, reworked 1803
Oil on canvas
76 x 54 1/2 in. (193 x 138.4 cm)
The Metropolitan Museum of Art

Benjamin West PRA (October 10, 1738 – March 11, 1820) was an Anglo-American painter of historical scenes around and after the time of the American War of Independence and the Seven Years' War. He was the second president of the Royal Academy in London, serving from 1792 to 1805 and 1806 to 1820. He was offered a knighthood by the British Crown, but declined it, believing that he should instead be made a peer. He said that "Art is the representation of human beauty, ideally perfect in design, graceful and noble in attitude. 

More Benjamin West

This situation brought strife rather than happiness between Hagar and Sarah. Nevertheless, God saw Hagar’s suffering and promised that although this was not the child promised to Abram, he would nevertheless make Ishmael’s descendants into a great nation also.

Rembrandt, (1606–1669)
Abraham Serving the Three Angels, c. 1646
Oil on panel
16 x 21 cm.
Private collection

Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn (15 July 1606 – 4 October 1669) was a Dutch painter and etcher. He is generally considered one of the greatest painters and printmakers in European art and the most important in Dutch history. His contributions to art came in a period of great wealth and cultural achievement that historians call the Dutch Golden Age when Dutch Golden Age painting dominated Europe, was extremely prolific and innovative, and gave rise to important new genres in painting.

Having achieved youthful success as a portrait painter, Rembrandt's later years were marked by personal tragedy and financial hardships. Yet his etchings and paintings were popular throughout his lifetime, his reputation as an artist remained high, and for twenty years he taught many important Dutch painters. His self-portraits form a unique and intimate biography, in which the artist surveyed himself without vanity and with the utmost sincerity.

In his paintings and prints he exhibited knowledge of classical iconography, which he molded to fit the requirements of his own experience; thus, the depiction of a biblical scene was informed by Rembrandt's knowledge of the specific text, his assimilation of classical composition, and his observations of Amsterdam's Jewish population. Because of his empathy for the human condition, he has been called "one of the great prophets of civilization. More on Rembrandt

Three visitors came to Abraham and said that he would have a son. Sarah did conceive and had a baby named Isaac. 

James Jacques Joseph Tissot (1836 - 1902)
Rebecca Meets Isaac by the Way, c. 1896-1902
Gouache on board
Height: 296 mm (11.65 in); Width: 189 mm (7.44 in)
Jewish Museum, New York City

Jacques Joseph Tissot (15 October 1836 – 8 August 1902), Anglicized as James Tissot, was a French painter and illustrator. He was a successful painter of Paris society before moving to London in 1871. He became famous as a genre painter of fashionably dressed women shown in various scenes of everyday life. He also painted scenes and characters from the Bible. More on James Tissot

Isaac married the Aramean Rebekah. Rebekah gave birth to twin boys, Esau and Jacob.

Please visit my other blogs: Art CollectorMythologyMarine ArtPortrait of a Lady, The OrientalistArt of the Nude and The Canals of VeniceMiddle East Artistsand 365 Saints, also visit my Boards on Pinterest

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