Tuesday, February 12, 2019

06 Works, Today, February 12th, is Julian the Hospitaller's Day, With Footnotes - #43

Domenico Ghirlandaio, (1449–1494)
Detail, Saint Jean l'Hospitalier, c. 1473
Church of St. Andrew in San Donnino

Domenico Ghirlandaio (2 June 1448 – 11 January 1494) was an Italian Renaissance painter born in Florence. Ghirlandaio was part of the so-called "third generation" of the Florentine Renaissance, along with Verrocchio, the Pollaiolo brothers and Sandro Botticelli. Ghirlandaio led a large and efficient workshop that included his brothers Davide Ghirlandaio and Benedetto Ghirlandaio, his brother-in-law Bastiano Mainardi from San Gimignano, and later his son Ridolfo Ghirlandaio. Many apprentices passed through Ghirlandaio's workshop, including the famous Michelangelo. Ghirlandaio's particular talent lay in his ability to posit depictions of contemporary life and portraits of contemporary people within the context of religious narratives, bringing him great popularity and many large commissions. More on Domenico Ghirlandaio

Julian the Hospitaller is a Roman Catholic saint.

According to de Varazze, on the night Julian was born, his father, a man of noble blood, saw pagan witches secretly lay a curse on the boy that would make him kill both his parents. His father wanted to get rid of the child, but his mother did not let himt. When he finally found out the reason for her tears, he swore he "would never commit such a sin" and "with great belief in Christ went off full of courage" as far away from his parents as he could. After fifty days of walking he finally reached Galicia where he married a "good woman", said to be a wealthy widow.

Edmond Aman-Jean, (1858-1936)
Saint-Julien the hospitable, c. 1882
Oil on canvas
Height: 360 cm; Width: 270 cm
Museum of Fine Arts of Carcassonne

Edmond Aman-Jean, pseudonym of Amand Edmond Jean, was born in Chevry-Cossigny November 13 , 18581 and died on January 25 , 1936 in Paris , was a painter , writer and art critic French.

Edmond Aman-Jean was a student of Henri Lehmann of the School of Fine Arts in Paris and the classmate of Georges Seurat , with which he shared a workshop. He is also linked with the symbolist painters Alphonse Osbert and Alexandre Séon .

In 1886 he obtained a travel grant and went to Italy to study Italian primitives, which reinforced his taste for the ancients and for the decor. With Seurat, he worked as assistant to the creating the sacred wood of Puvis de Chavannes ( Museum of Fine Arts of Lyon ). Seurat's influence is notably found in Edmond's Sainte Geneviève ( Museum of Fine Arts of Brest )

Albert Besnard had him appointed to the Legion of Honor in 1900. He was promoted to the rank of Commander in 1933. More on Edmond Aman-Jean

Twenty years later, his parents decided to go look for their now thirty-year-old son. When they arrived, they visited the altar of St. James, and "as soon as they came out of the church they met a woman, whom the pilgrims greeted and asked, for Jesus' love, whether she would host them for the night as they were tired." She let them in and told them that her husband, Julian, was out hunting. The mother and father were overjoyed to have found their son, as was Julian's wife. "She took care of them well and had them rest in her and Julian's bed." But the enemy went off seeking Julian and told him: 'I have sour news for you. While you are here, hunting, your wife is in bed embracing another man. There they are right now, still sleeping.'"

"And Julian felt deep sadness and his face drew into a frown. He rode back home, went to his bed and found a man and a woman sleeping in it. He drew his sword and killed them both. As he was leaving he saw his wife sitting among the other women. She told him: 'There are your mother and father resting in your room.' And so Julian knew, and fell into a rage. 'The shrewd enemy lied to me. 'Better had I never been born, for I am cursed.' And his good wife comforted him and said 'Have faith in Christ Almighty, a stream of life and mercy.' After seeking redemption in Rome, Julian built seven hospitals and twenty-five houses. And the poor started flowing to him, to Jesus' Almighty's love."

Tuscan School
Scenes from the Legend of Saint Julian the, ca. 1420/40
Oil and tempera on panel
26.8 x 66 cm.
Private collection

The present panel, most likely part of a predella, depicts scenes from the life of Saint Julian the Hospitaller, patron saint of pilgrims, travellers and innkeepers. According to the Legenda Aurea, Julian is said to have killed his parents by accident, having mistaken them for his wife and her supposed lover. The scene on the right shows the Saint realising his mistake after meeting his wife shortly after. More on this painting

Masolino da Panicale, (1383–1447)
Stories of Saint Julian, part of a predella, from 1425 until 1426
Tempera on wood
Height: 24 cm (9.4 ″); Width: 43 cm (16.9 ″)
Musée Ingres,  Montauban, France

Masolino da Panicale (born 1383, Panicale, near Perugia, Romagna—died probably 1440–47, Florence) was a painter who achieved a compromise between the International Gothic manner and the advanced early Renaissance style of his own day and who owes his prominence in the history of Florentine art not to his innovations but to his lyrical style and his unfailing artistry.

In 1423, Masolino joined the Florentine guild Arte dei Medici e Spezial, which included painters as an independent branch He spent many years traveling, including a trip to Hungary from September 1425 to July 1427. He was selected by Pope Martin V, on the return of the papacy to Rome in 1420, to paint the altarpiece for his family chapel in the Basilica of Santa Maria Maggiore, and later by Cardinal Branda da Castiglione to paint the Saint Catherine Chapel in the Basilica of San Clemente, Rome. In the interim, he collaborated with his younger colleague, Masaccio, to paint the frescoes in the Brancacci Chapel in the Basilica of Santa Maria del Carmine, Florence, which were much admired by fellow artists throughout the fifteenth century. He painted a cycle of 300 famous historical figures in the Orsini Palace in Rome about 1433-4 and also worked in Todi. He spent his later years, after 1435, working for Cardinal Branda Castiglione in Castiglione Olona. More on Masolino da Panicale

"The enemy conspired again to ruin Julian—disguised as a weak pilgrim, he was let in by Julian with the others. At midnight he woke up and made a mess of the house." The following morning Julian saw the damage and swore never to let in anyone else in his home. He was so furious he had everyone leave. 

Antonio della Corna (or Cornia), BORN IN CREMONA
Oil on panel
53 by 60 1/8 in.; 134.5 by 152.7 cm.
Private collection

The scene shows Julian the Hospitaller (also known as Julian the Poor) murdering his own parents, whom he has mistakenly taken for his wife in the arms of a lover. Della Corna sets the scene in a 15th-century bedroom: the headboard of the bed is painted with a landscape that is a continuation of the 'actual' view visible through both arched window openings. More on this painting

Antonio della Corna, who lived in the 15th and 16th centuries, was one of the artists called by Lodovico Sforza to decorate the Porta Giovia Palace at Milan in 1490. No dates are known of his birth or death.

Some assign his birthplace to either Cremona or Soncino, and state Andrea Mantegna and Giovanni Bellini as his influences. There are no works by Corna in Cremona or Soncino. The Bignami Collection, near Cassal Maggiore, contains a picture representing a murder taken from the Legend of St. Julian, signed by Antonio in 1478. More on Antonio della Corna

"Jesus went to him, again as a pilgrim, seeking rest. He asked humbly, in the name of God, for shelter. But Julian answered with contempt: 'I shall not let you in. Go away, for the other night I had my home so vandalized that I shall never let you in.' And Christ told him 'Hold my walking-stick, please.' Julian, embarrassed, went to take the stick, and it stuck to his hands. And Julian recognized him at once and said 'He tricked me, the enemy who does not want me to be your faithful servant. But I shall embrace you, I do not care about him; and for your love I shall give shelter to whoever needs.' He knelt and Jesus forgave him, and Julian asked, full of repentance, forgiveness for his wife and parents. More on Saint Jean l'Hospitalier

Taddeo Gaddi, (Italian, Florentine, active by 1334–died 1366)
Saint Julian, c. 1340s
Tempera on wood, gold ground
21 1/4 x 14 1/4 in. (54 x 36.2 

A nobleman of the ninth century, Saint Julian is shown holding the sword with which he accidentally slew his parents. This cut-down but otherwise well-preserved picture is from a triptych for a church in Florence (Santa Maria della Croce al Tempio).

Taddeo Gaddi (c. 1290, Florence – 1366, Florence) was a medieval Italian painter and architect.

He was a member of Giotto's workshop from 1313 to 1337, when his master died. According to Giorgio Vasari, he was considered Giotto's most talented pupil: in 1347 he was placed at the top in a list of Florence's most renowned painters.[citation needed]

His main work is the cycle of Stories of the Virgin in the Baroncelli Chapel of the Basilica of Santa Croce in Florence. Later he perhaps painted the cabinet tiles in the sacristy of the same church. These works show his mastership of Giotto's new style, to which he added a personal experimentation in the architectural backgrounds, such as in the staircase of the Presentation of the Virgin in the Baroncelli Chapel. More on Taddeo Gaddi

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