Wednesday, January 23, 2019

04 Works, Today, January 23nd, Saint Emerentiana's Day, With Footnotes - 23

Saint Emerentiana being stoned

Saint Emerentiana was a Roman martyr, who lived around the start of the 4th century. Her feast day is January 23.

Francisco de Zurbarán 
Holy Emerenciana, c. 1635
Oil on canvas
New York, The Hispanic Society of America

Francisco de Zurbarán (baptized November 7, 1598 – August 27, 1664) was a Spanish painter. He is known primarily for his religious paintings depicting monks, nuns, and martyrs, and for his still-lifes. Zurbarán gained the nickname Spanish Caravaggio, owing to the forceful, realistic use of chiaroscuro in which he excelled. More on Francisco de Zurbarán

St. Agnes was a rich Roman heiress who was martyred after refusing her engagement due to her Christian religion. Emerentiana’s mother was the wet nurse and nanny of Saint Agnes.

Saint Emerentiana being stoned

A few days after Agnes' death, Emerentiana, who was a catechumen still learning about Christianity before being officially baptized, went to the tomb to pray. There was a scuffle between pagans and Christians, and she severely rebuked the pagans. In revenge, they stoned her, killing her in the same grave of Agnes, so her parents buried her with her. This story says that Agnes appeared eight days after her martyrdom to her parents, in order to console them.

Saint Emerentiana; stones in her lap and lilies in her hand

Her feast day is January 23, She is represented as a young girl who either has stones in her lap and lilies in her hand, or as being stoned to death by a mob. More on Saint Emerentiana

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